How to Install Python on Linux in an Easier Way

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How to Install Python on Linux
How to Install Python on Linux

How to Install Python on Linux in an Easier Way

Many top universities around the globe use Python to introduce students to programming. This article will serve as a complete tutorial on How to install python on Linux.

You will find Python already installed. You can check it using the following commands from the terminal

$ python --version
To check the latest version of python 2.x.x :
$ python2 --version
To check the latest version of python 3.x.x :
$ python3 --version

Clearly, it won’t be the latest version of python. There can be multiple methods to install python on a Linux based system and it all depends on your Linux system.

Currently, there are two major Python versions in use – 2 and 3, with 2 rapidly losing ground to 3 since the former is no longer under active development. Since all Linux distributions come with Python 2.x installed.

Download and install python on Linux

To install the latest version from the source code of Python follow the below steps

Download Python Latest Version from python.org

  • The first and foremost step is to open a browser and open
    https://www.python.org/downloads/source/
  • Underneath the Stable Releases find Download Gzipped source tarball (the latest stable release as of now is Python 3.7.4).
You can do all the above steps in a single command
$ wget https://www.python.org/ftp/python/3.7.4/Python-3.7.4.tgz

Install Python 3.7.4 on Linux

To install Python successfully on Linux, Enter the following command to get the prerequisites and other source files

 $ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade
$ sudo apt-get install -y make build-essential libssl-dev zlib1g-dev libbz2-dev libreadline-dev libsqlite3-dev wget curl llvm libncurses5-dev  libncursesw5-dev xz-utils tk-dev

Now we are all ready to unpack the file downloaded from the python official website’
Move to downloads directory using cd downloads in terminal
and then enter the following commands

$ tar xvf Python-3.6.5.tgz 
$ cd Python-3.6.5
$ ./configure --enable-optimizations --with-ensurepip=install
$ make -j 8
$ sudo make altinstall

Congrats!..!! You successfully install python on Linux. You can confirm it using the below command.

python --version

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